What is robot-assisted surgery?
Robots are a combination of special laparoscopic mechanical arms that are placed inside the woman’s abdomen and are guided by the surgeon through a three-dimensional console and special controls. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and the robot is placed near the patient, with the arms adjusting exactly to the sites where the surgeon’s hands are operating. Surgical instruments of the arms are first inserted with small incisions of a few millimeters into the patient’s body.
It consists of an operation control console that enables three-dimensional imaging and a four-arm system in which surgical instruments are applied. The surgeon sits comfortably and without physical fatigue on the console, in the operation theater but at a distance from the patient and handles the surgical instruments on the robotic arms using special controls. Each arm is connected to a surgical instrument and the camera is located in central arm. The arms are much more flexible than the wrist of the human hand since they have the ability to rotate up to 360The. The surgeon’s field of vision is enlarged thus allowing him to perform delicate, accurate and more stable movements.
The robot does not operate by its own! Nor does it replace the surgeon! It is a new, important tool and piece of equipment that facilitates the work of the laparoscopic surgeon.