Why do I need a sperm analysis (spermiogram)?
In one third of infertile couples the cause is related to the man’s fertility. It is possible that the man is and feels perfectly healthy but the quality of his sperm is low. Semen analysis is called spermiogram and is the most important test for testing male fertility.
The sperm count accurately measures the number of spermatozoa, their mobility (ability to move), their morphology (size and shape), and the volume and consistency of the sample. Results within the normal range will show a sperm containing at least 20 million spermatozoa per ml and with at least half of the spermatozoa showing a forward motility.
The characteristics found in the semen analysis vary and can be strongly influenced by the general health of the man. Because semen production lasts about 70 days if your semen analysis is not good, we may ask you to repeat the test within a month to determine whether the disorder is permanent or temporary.
The spermiogram is a simple test in which the semen is collected in a sterilized recipient, after being abstinence from ejaculation for 3-7 days. Sperm should not be collected in a condom.
It is better for semen to be collected at the dedicated locations of the Assisted Reproduction Unit of the MITERA Maternity Hospital because it will be immediately examined by the specialized biologists without being affected by external factors (e.g. ambient temperature, transfer time to the unit).
When examining the spermiogram, the presence or absence of antisperm antibodies is also checked. If antisperm antibodies are present, it means that you have developed antibodies against your own sperm, which significantly affects sperm penetration into the cervical mucus and the egg and thus reduces your fertility.
Male infertility treatment
If you have a low sperm count (oligospermia), poor sperm motility (asthenospermia), or a high number of abnormal morphology sperm (teratospermia), or if antisperm antibodies are detected, a solution to the problem is the use of IVF with ICSI technique.