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Dr. George Ioannidis
CONSULTANT OBSTETRICIAN & GYNAECOLOGIST
FERTILITY AND IVF SPECIALIST

Director GONIMOTIS Reproductive Centre
v. Scientific Director Institute of LIFE MHTERA Hospital IVF Unit

Dr. Alexandra Georgakopoulou
CONSULTANT OBSTETRICIAN & GYNAECOLOGIST
FETAL MEDICINE SPECIALIST

Scientific Director GONIMOTIS Ultrasound Centre
Scientific Collaborator MHTERA Hospital Fetal Medicine Unit.

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Address:    Monis Petraki 5, Kolonaki, Athens
Tel:    +30 210 7222442-443
Fax:    +30 210 7222615
Email:  info@gonimotis.gr

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Home  /  Fertility  /  Sperm disorders

Fertility

Sperm disorders

Problems with sperm production

When there is a sperm disorder we have:

  • Azoospermia, no sperm is produced,
  • Oligospermia, where little sperm is produced,
  • Teratospermia, where sperm with abnormal morphology is produced

Sometimes, sperm is of poor quality or die before it reaches the egg. In rare cases, a genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis or a chromosomal abnormality may cause male infertility.

Approximately one in three cases of male infertility is caused by blockages or absence of the seminal ducts carrying the sperm due to injury, inflammation or surgery (vasectomy).

Factors that negatively affect the quality of the semen

  • smoking,
  • excessive alcohol consumption,
  • Drug use,
  • increased weight,
  • injuries,
  • frequent exposure to excessive heat (people working at high temperatures or using sauna regularly)
  • working in confined spaces (e.g.lorry drivers)
  • inflammation (prostatitis, epididymitis)
  • surgery for another reason

Myths and truths regarding sperm production

There is no scientific proof that by wearing tight clothes or the prolonged use of bicycle affects the quality of your semen.

Following a special diet with vitamins and supplements actually have a very small effect on your sperm count, but they will help you stay healthy.

Lear more how you can increase your fertility.